John Daly (1845 – 1916)
Irish Patriot, Fenian, 1867 Rising Veteran, Political Prisoner and Mayor of Limerick.
John Daly, the sixth of seven children, was born to John and Margaret Daly, née Hayes in Limerick City, on October 18, 1845. His entry into the world coincided with the onset of the Great Hunger, a cataclysmic event in Irish history that spawned evictions, death and inhumanity, in a land of plenty. It also resulted in the banishment of over one million refugees to England, Scotland, Wales, North America, and Australia. For many, the ships that carried them to North America and Australia, became their coffins, and the seas they crossed became their graves. ---
`Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. --
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore. ---
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.
Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)
Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism
Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to
Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor. Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near
. He was also
a member of the Church of Ireland. Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married
who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..---
Dr. Kathleen Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social
Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to
Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in
Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.
Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency.
Lydia B. Darragh 1729 - 1789)
American patriot, Washington spy
Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729. The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.
The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.
Padraic H. Pearse (1879 – 1916)
Educator, linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader
Padraic Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née Brady).
His father, James, who was born in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas Street in Dublin.
Requiem for the Croppies
Seamus Heaney (1939 - 2013)
The pockets of our greatcoats full of barley...
No kitchens on the run, no striking camp...
We moved quick and sudden in our own country.
The priest lay behind ditches with the tramp.
A people hardly marching... on the hike...
We found new tactics happening each day:
We'd cut through reins and rider with the pike
And stampede cattle into infantry,
Then retreat through hedges where cavalry must be thrown.
Until... on Vinegar Hill... the final conclave.
Terraced thousands died, shaking scythes at cannon.
The hillside blushed, soaked in our broken wave.
They buried us without shroud or coffin
And in August... the barley grew up out of our grave
"Requiem for the Croppies" is based on a battle in the rebellion of 1798 in the Irish county of Wexford. Over 10,000 Irish rebels and their families were massacred, and many bodies were desecrated, including that of a priest.