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Last Updated
 02/23/2018 


John Daly (1845 – 1916)

Irish Patriot, Fenian, 1867 Rising Veteran,  Political Prisoner and Mayor of Limerick.

John Daly, the sixth of seven children, was born to John and Margaret Daly, née Hayes in Limerick City, on October 18, 1845. His entry into the world coincided with the onset of the Great Hunger, a cataclysmic event in Irish history that spawned evictions, death and inhumanity, in a land of plenty. It also resulted in the banishment of over one million refugees to England, Scotland, Wales, North America, and Australia. For many, the ships that carried them to North America and Australia, became their coffins, and the seas they crossed became their graves. --- continue
 

Elizabeth `Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)

Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.

Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.  

The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off  Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center.  At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. -- continue


Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)

Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer,  Poet and Statistician

 Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick.  His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.

Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon.  He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan.  Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore.  --- continue


Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)

Irish patriot, writer,  orator, social activists and suffragette

Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.  continue


Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)

Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism

Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor.  Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near Bodenstown in County Kildare . He was also a member of the Church of Ireland.  Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married Matilda Witherington who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..--- continue


Dr. Kathleen Florence Lynn (1874-1955)

Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian

Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.

Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.

Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency.

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Lydia Barrington Darragh 1729 - 1789)

American patriot, Washington spy

Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729.  The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.

The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.

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Padraic Henry Pearse (1879 – 1916)

Educator, linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader

Padraic Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née Brady).

His father, James, who was born in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas Street in Dublin.

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Requiem for the Croppies

Seamus Heaney (1939 - 2013)

 

The pockets of our greatcoats full of barley...
No kitchens on the run, no striking camp...
We moved quick and sudden in our own country.
The priest lay behind ditches with the tramp.
A people hardly marching... on the hike...
We found new tactics happening each day:
We'd cut through reins and rider with the pike
And stampede cattle into infantry,
Then retreat through hedges where cavalry must be thrown.
Until... on Vinegar Hill... the final conclave.
Terraced thousands died, shaking scythes at cannon.
The hillside blushed, soaked in our broken wave.
They buried us without shroud or coffin
And in August... the barley grew up out of our grave

_____________________

 

"Requiem for the Croppies" is based on a battle in the rebellion of 1798 in the Irish county of Wexford.  Over 10,000 Irish rebels and their families were massacred, and many bodies were desecrated, including that of a priest.

                                      

They think that they have pacified Ireland. They think that they have purchased half of us and intimidated the other half. They think that they have foreseen everything, think that they have provided against everything; but the fools, the fools, the fools! - they have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.

Padraic Pearse oration given at 

Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa's funeral on Aug. 1, 1915

 

Voyage of the Erin's Hope --- April to August 1867

Background

After the failed Young Ireland Uprising of 1848, many of its leaders were captured, sentenced and transported to penal colonies in Australia. Those who evaded capture ended up in France on in the United States. Two of the leaders, James Stephens and John O’Mahony, who had escaped to France, spent the ensuing five years discussing and planning for another uprising in Ireland.

In 1853, O’Mahony, an Irish language scholar and linguist, left Paris for New York where he met other fellow Young Irelanders including John Mitchel, who had escaped from a penal colony in Tasmania. After taking up residence there he completed and published several literary works and joined several Irish organizations, including the Emmet Monument Association. On 28 February 1858, he, together with Michael Doheny, James Roche, Thomas J. Kelly, Oliver Byrne, Patrick O’Rourke, and Captain Michael Corcoran founded the Fenian Brotherhood.

In the meantime, Stephen’s bided his time in Paris until it was safe for him to return to Ireland. After eight years in exile, he believed the time had come when he could return safely. He arrived back in Dublin in February of 1856.

Having lost contact with his 1848 compatriots during his prolonged exile, Stephens reasoned that his first move should be a trip around Ireland to reacquaint with old comrades and start the process of organizing for the next uprising. After completing that odyssey, he, together with Peter Langan, Thomas Clarke Luby, Charles Kickham, Joseph Denieffe and Garrett O'Shaughnessy founded the Irish Republican Brotherhood on St. Patrick’s Day in 1858.

The aim of the organization was “the establishment of an independent Irish Republic by force of arms”. ---  continue

 

Theobald Wolfe Tone's Speech from the Dock

November 10, 1798

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Court-Martial, I mean not to give you the trouble of bringing judicial proof to convict me legally of having acted in hostility to the government of his Britannic Majesty in Ireland. I admit the fact. From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Great Britain and Ireland as the curse of the Irish nation, and felt convinced that, whilst it lasted, this country could never he free nor happy. My mind has been confirmed in this opinion by the experience of every succeeding year, and the conclusions which I have drawn from every fact before my eyes. In consequence, I was determined to employ all the powers which my individual efforts could move, in order to separate the two countries. That Ireland was not able of herself to throw off the yoke, I knew; I therefore sought for aid wherever it was to be found. In honorable poverty I rejected offers which, to a man in my circumstances, might be considered highly advantageous. I remained faithful to what I thought the cause of my country, and sought in the French Republic an ally to rescue three millions of my countrymen from… continue

 

Arbour Hill Cemetery --- Burial place of the leaders of the 1916 Rising

The military cemetery at Arbour Hill is the last resting place of 14 of the executed leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising. The burial plot includes the remains of  Thomas J. Clarke,  James Connolly,  Patrick Pearse,  Thomas MacDonagh, Sean MacDiarmada, Eamonn Ceannt, Joseph M. Plunkett, Edward Daly, Con Colbert,   Michael O'Hanrahan, Sean Heuston,  John MacBride, William Pearse and Michael Mallin.  The leaders were executed in Kilmainham and then their bodies were buried in Arbour Hill.

The other two leaders executed are:

Thomas Kent who was executed in Cork Army Barracks and buried next to his execution spot.  His remains were removed in 2015 and re-interned in the family burial plot in Castlelyons Cemetery  near Fermoy in Co. Cork.
Roger Casement was hanged in Pentonville prison in London on the 3rd. of August, 1916. His body was disposed of, coffinless, in a quicklime pit.
The quicklime, they said, would consume the flesh and leave the white bones—the skeleton—intact, which could then be moved easily.   --  Oscar Wilde,
 His remains were returned to Ireland in 1965 and now rest in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.

 

SS Lady Wicklow

SS Lady Wicklow was a steamship built in 1890 in Belfast, Ireland for the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company. This ship was 262 feet long and had a beam of 34 feet.

She was used as a troopship for the Irish Free State to transport 450 officers and men to Fenit, the port of Tralee, during Irish Free State offensive of the Anglo-Irish Treaty War.

In anticipation of such a landing, the opposing Republican forces had rigged the pier with explosives to blow it up. However, the set charges were rendered inoperable by unknown Free State collaborators, thus allowing the landing to proceed unimpeded.

During the landing, that took place on August 2, 1922, the Lady Wicklow was shadowed by a British Warship prepared to lend support if the landing went awry for the Free State forces that consisted mostly of unemployed ex-British soldiers discharged after the WWI.

The armored vehicles, munitions etc., used by the Free State during the landing was part and parcel of the weaponry handed over to them by the departing British army. 

As the nascent Free State had no money in its coffers, its  army's paymaster was the British exchequer.

 

Republican Plot, Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin

The Republican plot contains the remains of individuals involved in the 1803, 1848, 1867 Uprisings and in the  War of Independence and the Treaty (Civil) War and other Irish Republicans post 1923.

The following historical figures constitute a fraction of the many other patriots interred in the there.

Anne Devlin, Thomas Bellew McManus, O'Donovan Rossa, John O'Mahony, Countess Markieviez, Margaret Skinnider, Roger Casement, Cathal Brugha, Ernest Bernard O'Malley, Harry Boland and Daithi O'Conaill. 

Commemorations are held there annually by various Republican groups and political parties to commemorate the 1916 Easter Rising and the anniversaries of the deaths of some of those buried there.

Glasnevin Cemetery remains under the care of the Dublin Cemeteries Committee

 

Peter O’Neill Crowley Monument, Knockanevin, Co. Cork

Peter O'Neill Crowley, a prominent Fenian, was born 23rd May 1832, at Ballymacoda, County of Cork.,

He joined the Fenian movement and took part in the Fenian Rising of 1867. He was amongst a small group of Fenians, under the command of Captain McClure who successfully raided the Knockadoon coastguard station getting away with rifles and ammunition..

It soon became  evident to them that the Rising was collapsing because of poor planning and the usual informers. With police and troops on their trail, Crowley, McClure, Edward Kelly and three other comrades headed for Limerick to link up with other Fenian units.
While resting in the Kilclooney Wood they were surrounded and attacked by the pursuing enemy  under the command of Henry Edward Redmond  (Uncle to John Redmond, who was prominent in the history of later times).

On March 31, 1876, Peter O'Neill Crowley who fought bravely was mortally wounded while crossing a strong stream located behind the monument..

click here for additional information

 

Teeling Monument, Carricknagat, Co Sligo

On 5 September 1798, the Franco-Irish troops pushed north through Co. Sligo but were halted by a cannon which the British forces had installed above Union Rock near Collooney.

A young Irish aide to General Humbert, Lieutenant Bartholomew Teeling, distinguished himself during the encounter. Teeling cleared the way for the advancing Irish-French army by single handedly disabling a British gunnery post located high on Union Rock when he broke from the French ranks and galloped towards the gunner's position. Teeling was armed with a pistol and he shot the cannon's marksman and captured the cannon. After the loss of the cannon position the French and Irish advanced and the British retreated towards their barracks at Sligo, leaving 60 dead and 100 prisoners.

 

Ballykissane Monument, Killorglin, Co. Kerry

Commemorates the deaths of Con Keating, Donal Sheahan and Charlie Monaghan at Ballykissane pier on 21

April 1916 as they attempted to assist the importation of arms on board the Aud for the 1916 Rising. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Con Keating      Charlie Monaghan    Donal Sheahan

These were the first Volunteers to die in the Easter Rising

 

Robert Emmet statue

The Robert Emmet statue was sculpted by Jerome Stanley Connor and is located in the small Emmet Park, near Massachusetts Avenue and 24th Street, in Sheridan Circle.  The inscription on the base of the statue says "Robert Emmet, Irish Patriot, 1778-1803".  The Bronze plaque on the pedestal is inscribed with excerpts from the speech Emmet delivered the day before his execution.

The excerpt from his speech reads

The excerpt from his speech reads: "I wished to procure for my country the guarantee which Washington procured for America. I have parted from everything that was dear to me in this life for my country's cause. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then, and not till then let my epitaph be written."

 

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