John Daly (1845 – 1916)
Irish Patriot, Fenian, 1867
Rising Veteran, Political Prisoner
and Mayor of Limerick.
the sixth of seven children, was born to John and Margaret Daly,
née Hayes in Limerick City, on October 18, 1845. His entry into
the world coincided with the onset of the Great Hunger, a
cataclysmic event in Irish history that spawned evictions, death
and inhumanity, in a land of plenty. It also resulted in the
banishment of over one million refugees to England, Scotland,
Wales, North America, and Australia. For many, the ships that
carried them to North America and Australia, became their
coffins, and the seas they crossed became their graves. ---
Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897.
She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther
Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died
in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co.
Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young
child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat
in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane
with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south
side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At
that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in
the United Kingdom. --
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine
children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche)
on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell
on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary
education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an
excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and
teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel
O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age
of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study
and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that
controlled his life
including religion, politics, history and folklore. ---
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the
waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous
event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered
starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that
laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station
in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to
immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.
Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)
Barrister, co-founder of
the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of
Theobald Wolfe Tone, the
eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to
Tone and Margaret Lampor. Tone's father was a prosperous
coach-maker and the owner of a farm near
. He was also a member of the Church of Ireland.
Growing up as a child of the
gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general
populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen
intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his
student years, he met and married
who bore him four
children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish
Dr. Kathleen Florence Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social
Lynn, the second of four children, was born to
Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28,
1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood
whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town,
dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th
Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By
virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he
was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant
Lydia Barrington Darragh 1729 - 1789)
American patriot, Washington spy
Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six
children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by
trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland
in 1729. The Barrington’s were members of the Religious
Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English
ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.
The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in
1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as
a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted
social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and
without their own communities as a unselfish expression
of their faith.
Padraic Henry Pearse (1879 – 1916)
linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader
Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on
November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née
His father, James, who was born
in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted
the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the
Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the
niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas
Street in Dublin.
Requiem for the Croppies
Seamus Heaney (1939 - 2013)
The pockets of our greatcoats full of barley...
No kitchens on the run, no striking camp...
We moved quick and sudden in our own country.
The priest lay behind ditches with the tramp.
A people hardly marching... on the hike...
We found new tactics happening each day:
We'd cut through reins and rider with the pike
And stampede cattle into infantry,
Then retreat through hedges where cavalry must be thrown.
Until... on Vinegar Hill... the final conclave.
Terraced thousands died, shaking scythes at cannon.
The hillside blushed, soaked in our broken wave.
They buried us without shroud or coffin
And in August... the barley grew up out of our grave
"Requiem for the Croppies" is based on a battle in the
rebellion of 1798 in the Irish county of Wexford. Over
10,000 Irish rebels and their families were massacred, and
many bodies were desecrated, including that of a priest.