Sidney Gifford Czira (1889 – 1974)
Irish Republican, Suffragette, Writer, Journalist, Radio Broadcaster
Sydney Madge Gifford, the youngest of twelve children, was born to Frederick Gifford and Isabella Gifford (née Burton) in Rathmines, Dublin on August 3, 1889. Her catholic father was a successful solicitor who practiced law within the confines and constructs of British Imperial Statutes. Her protestant mother was a niece of Frederic William Burton the renowned painter who, during his tenure as director of the National Gallery in London, was responsible for acquiring many of its most prized works of art. Despite his very British credentials. Frederic was an ardent admirer of the men and women of the Young Ireland movement of the 1840s.
Politically the Gifford’s were conservative and unionist who supported British rule in Ireland. In what could be considered a symbolic act of affirmation of their Britishness they raised their children in the mother’s Protestant faith. That decision was also a clear and defiant rejection of the Catholic Church’s Code of Canon Law regarding the children of mixed marriages.
Cooney (1897 – 1968)
Medical Doctor, Chief of Staff of the IRA, Orator, Humanitarian,
Veteran of the Irish War of Independence and the Treaty War
Andy Cooney, the second of three children, was born on April 22, 1897 to John Cooney and Mary Anne Cooney, (née Gleeson) in Ballyphilip, Nenagh, Co. Tipperary.
As a young man Cooney’s father, John, studied for the priesthood at a seminary (possibly the Franciscan Friary) in Ennis in Co. Clare. When the Bishop of Killaloe found out that John’s father, Patrick, was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and a Land League activist, he expelled John from his novitiate, since the Church would not take a chance on young men with a history of defiance or critical thought in the family’s background.
After that snub by the Church, Cooney’s father became a landowner, a phenomenon hitherto impossible prior to the enactment of several Irish Land Acts precipitated by the Land Wars of the late 1870s and early 1880s, and afterward by a continuous prolonged period of agrarian agitation led by the Irish National Land League.
Maud Gonne (1867- 1953)
Irish Revolutionary, Patriot, Suffragette & founder of Inghinidhe na hÉireann
Maud Gonne, the eldest of two daughters, was born on December 20, 1866 to Thomas Gonne and Edith Frith Gonne, nee Cook, in the village of Tongham in Surrey in England. At the time of her birth her father, Thomas, was an British Army officer stationed at the Aldershot military garrison, located close to the village of Tongham. Her mother, Edith, was a member of a wealthy textile manufacturing family with a transgenerational history of government and military service.
In 1867, when Maud father's regiment was transferred to the Curragh army base in Co. Kildare, to help quell ongoing Fenian activity and prevent another Rising, the family followed, taking up residence in Donnybrook, a suburb of Dublin city. continue
`Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. -- continue
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and Statistician
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore. --- continue
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave. continue
Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)
Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism
Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor. Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near Bodenstown in County Kildare . He was also a member of the Church of Ireland. Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married Matilda Witherington who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..--- continue
Dr. Kathleen Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian
Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.
Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency.
The Relationship Between Maud Gonne and William Butler Yeats