Alice Milligan (1866 – 1953)
Gaelic League activist, Irish Republican, Journalist, Playwright, Publisher, Poet and Human Rights Advocate
Alice Letitia Milligan, the third of thirteen children, was born to Charlotte Burns and Seaton Milligan on September 14, 1866 near the town of Omagh in Co. Tyrone. Of the thirteen children born to the Milligan's, only nine survived their childhood, due to the prevalence of highly contagious diseases including dysentery, smallpox, tuberculosis, influenza and pneumonia that bedeviled Ireland and most if not all of Europe at that time.
Although the Milligans were Protestants (Methodists) they were not members of the Protestant Ascendancy. The Ascendancy was comprised only of trusted members of the Anglican Churches. All other religious denominations were excluded because they were considered untrustworthy by the British establishment.
The Ascendency controlled the political, social and economic lifeblood of Ireland on behalf of the British establishment who in turn rewarded them with lordships, large estates and government positions. Despite their perceived untrustworthiness, the Milligans and many members of excluded Protestant denominations remained loyal to the British monarch and supporters of colonial ideology.
Sidney Gifford Czira (1889 – 1974)
Irish Republican, Suffragette, Writer, Journalist, Radio Broadcaster
Sydney Madge Gifford, the youngest of twelve children, was born to Frederick Gifford and Isabella Gifford (née Burton) in Rathmines, Dublin on August 3, 1889. Her catholic father was a successful solicitor who practiced law within the confines and constructs of British Imperial Statutes. Her protestant mother was a niece of Frederic William Burton the renowned painter who, during his tenure as director of the National Gallery in London, was responsible for acquiring many of its most prized works of art. Despite his very British credentials. Frederic was an ardent admirer of the men and women of the Young Ireland movement of the 1840s.
Politically the Gifford’s were conservative and unionist who supported British rule in Ireland. In what could be considered a symbolic act of affirmation of their Britishness they raised their children in the mother’s Protestant faith. That decision was also a clear and defiant rejection of the Catholic Church’s Code of Canon Law regarding the children of mixed marriages.
Cooney (1897 – 1968)
Medical Doctor, Chief of Staff of the IRA, Orator, Humanitarian,
Veteran of the Irish War of Independence and the Treaty War
Andy Cooney, the second of three children, was born on April 22, 1897 to John Cooney and Mary Anne Cooney, (née Gleeson) in Ballyphilip, Nenagh, Co. Tipperary.
As a young man Cooney’s father, John, studied for the priesthood at a seminary (possibly the Franciscan Friary) in Ennis in Co. Clare. When the Bishop of Killaloe found out that John’s father, Patrick, was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and a Land League activist, he expelled John from his novitiate, since the Church would not take a chance on young men with a history of defiance or critical thought in the family’s background.
After that snub by the Church, Cooney’s father became a landowner, a phenomenon hitherto impossible prior to the enactment of several Irish Land Acts precipitated by the Land Wars of the late 1870s and early 1880s, and afterward by a continuous prolonged period of agrarian agitation led by the Irish National Land League.
Maud Gonne (1867- 1953)
Irish Revolutionary, Patriot, Suffragette & founder of Inghinidhe na hÉireann
Maud Gonne, the eldest of two daughters, was born on December 20, 1866 to Thomas Gonne and Edith Frith Gonne, nee Cook, in the village of Tongham in Surrey in England. At the time of her birth her father, Thomas, was an British Army officer stationed at the Aldershot military garrison, located close to the village of Tongham. Her mother, Edith, was a member of a wealthy textile manufacturing family with a transgenerational history of government and military service.
In 1867, when Maud father's regiment was transferred to the Curragh army base in Co. Kildare, to help quell ongoing Fenian activity and prevent another Rising, the family followed, taking up residence in Donnybrook, a suburb of Dublin city. continue
`Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. -- continue
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and Statistician
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore. --- continue
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave. continue
Dr. Kathleen Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian
Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.
Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency.
When I was a little girl
Alice Milligan (1866- 1953)
In a garden playing,
A thing was often said
To chide us delaying:
At twilight's falling,
Down through the garden walks
Came our old nurse calling
And the grass will wet ye
Come in or when it’s dark
The Fenians will get ye".