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Last Updated
 11/18/2017 


Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)

Irish patriot, writer,  orator, social activists and suffragette

Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.

Other than her involvement with the Ladies Irish National Land League, little else is known of her life in Ireland with respect to her childhood, education or marriage.  One newspaper account reported that she was married to a Waterford 'professional'. Irrespective, her later activism and contacts in America would indicate that she was well educated, independent and financially secure.

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Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)

Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism

Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor.  Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near Bodenstown in County Kildare . He was also a member of the Church of Ireland.  Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married Matilda Witherington who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..--- continue


Dr. Kathleen Florence Lynn (1874-1955)

Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian

Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.

Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.

Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency. The Ascendency consisted of a cadre of birthright elitists from whose ranks where the chosen ones who ruled Ireland at the bidding of the British Crown. Their cruel despotic rule was enabled by the might of the British army.

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Lydia Barrington Darragh 1729 - 1789)

American patriot, Washington spy

Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729.  The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.

The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.

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Padraic Henry Pearse (1879 – 1916)

Educator, linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader

Padraic Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née Brady).

His father, James, who was born in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas Street in Dublin.

His mother, Margaret, who was born in Dublin was elected a Sinn Fein member to the 2nd Dail Eireann that convened in August 1921 and functioned until June 1922. After the Dail accepted the controversial Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64 to 57 votes on January 7th 1922, Margaret together with the other opposing Sinn Fein members left the Dail (1).

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Mary Maguire Colum (1887-1957)

Irish Nationalist, Literary Critic, Writer

 Mary Maquire Colum was born Mary Maguire on June 14, 1884 in Collooney(1) Co. Sligo to Charles Maquire and Catherine Gunning.  Mary’s father, Charles, was a constable of the Royal Irish Constabulary and, later on in his carrier, a District Inspector.  Her mother, who died in 1895, was a descendent of the mid-18th century Irish family that produced the alluring and vivacious rag-to-riches Gunning sisters who charmed, wowed and married British aristocrats.

After her mother’s death Mary went to live with her maternal grandmother, Catherine Gunning, in Ballissodare in Co. Sligo.  At the age of thirteen she enrolled in the Convent of St. Louis boarding school in Monaghan. After completing her secondary education there she entered University College Dublin (UCD) where she studied literature.

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Bodenstown Churchyard

Thomas Davis (1814-1845),

 

In Bodenstown churchyard there is a green grave,
And wildly around it the winter winds rave;
Small shelter I ween are the ruined walls there
When the storm sweeps down on the plains of Kildare.

Once I lay on that sod it lies over Wolfe Tone
And thought how he perished in prison alone,
His friends unavenged and his country unfreed
"Oh, bitter," I cried, "is the patriots meed.

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They think that they have pacified Ireland. They think that they have purchased half of us and intimidated the other half. They think that they have foreseen everything, think that they have provided against everything; but the fools, the fools, the fools! - they have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.

Padraic Pearse oration given at 

Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa's funeral on Aug. 1, 1915


Voyage of the Erin's Hope --- April to August 1867

Background

After the failed Young Ireland Uprising of 1848, many of its leaders were captured, sentenced and transported to penal colonies in Australia. Those who evaded capture ended up in France on in the United States. Two of the leaders, James Stephens and John O’Mahony, who had escaped to France, spent the ensuing five years discussing and planning for another uprising in Ireland.

In 1853, O’Mahony, an Irish language scholar and linguist, left Paris for New York where he met other fellow Young Irelanders including John Mitchel, who had escaped from a penal colony in Tasmania. After taking up residence there he completed and published several literary works and joined several Irish organizations, including the Emmet Monument Association. On 28 February 1858, he, together with Michael Doheny, James Roche, Thomas J. Kelly, Oliver Byrne, Patrick O’Rourke, and Captain Michael Corcoran founded the Fenian Brotherhood.

In the meantime, Stephen’s bided his time in Paris until it was safe for him to return to Ireland. After eight years in exile, he believed the time had come when he could return safely. He arrived back in Dublin in February of 1856.

Having lost contact with his 1848 compatriots during his prolonged exile, Stephens reasoned that his first move should be a trip around Ireland to reacquaint with old comrades and start the process of organizing for the next uprising. After completing that odyssey, he, together with Peter Langan, Thomas Clarke Luby, Charles Kickham, Joseph Denieffe and Garrett O'Shaughnessy founded the Irish Republican Brotherhood on St. Patrick’s Day in 1858.

The aim of the organization was “the establishment of an independent Irish Republic by force of arms”.

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Theobald Wolfe Tone's Speech from the Dock

November 10, 1798

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Court-Martial, I mean not to give you the trouble of bringing judicial proof to convict me legally of having acted in hostility to the government of his Britannic Majesty in Ireland. I admit the fact. From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Great Britain and Ireland as the curse of the Irish nation, and felt convinced that, whilst it lasted, this country could never he free nor happy. My mind has been confirmed in this opinion by the experience of every succeeding year, and the conclusions which I have drawn from every fact before my eyes. In consequence, I was determined to employ all the powers which my individual efforts could move, in order to separate the two countries. That Ireland was not able of herself to throw off the yoke, I knew; I therefore sought for aid wherever it was to be found. In honorable poverty I rejected offers which, to a man in my circumstances, might be considered highly advantageous. I remained faithful to what I thought the cause of my country, and sought in the French Republic an ally to rescue three millions of my countrymen from… continue


The Irish Diaspora in America and the Easter Rising

“wherever green is worn”

The Easter Rising of 1916 did not did not take place in a vacuum. The Irish Diaspora in America, and elsewhere throughout the world, took part at some level in its planning, financing or implementation.

The Kimmage garrison, comprised of approximately 90 Irish emigres from England and Scotland, took a direct role in the Rising.  Argentina-born Eamonn Bulfin raised the flag of the Irish Republic on the Prince Street corner of the GPO and the other flag, the tricolor, was raised by one of the Liverpool Volunteers from the Kimmage Garrison. Not to be forgotten were the two seamen, a Swede and a Finn, who showed up outside the GPO at the onset of the Rising on Monday asking for permission to join the fight.

Apart from those brave Volunteers who bore arms and shed blood for the Irish Republic, many more individuals, in faraway places, and especially here in America, dug deep into their pockets and purses for the same cause; an Irish Republic.  ---- continue

 


Peter O’Neill Crowley Monument, Knockanevin, Co. Cork

Peter O'Neill Crowley, a prominent Fenian, was born 23rd May 1832, at Ballymacoda, County of Cork.,

He joined the Fenian movement and took part in the Fenian Rising of 1867. He was amongst a small group of Fenians, under the command of Captain McClure who successfully raided the Knockadoon coastguard station getting away with rifles and ammunition..

It soon became  evident to them that the Rising was collapsing because of poor planning and the usual informers. With police and troops on their trail, Crowley, McClure, Edward Kelly and three other comrades headed for Limerick to link up with other Fenian units.
While resting in the Kilclooney Wood they were surrounded and attacked by the pursuing enemy  under the command of Henry Edward Redmond  (Uncle to John Redmond, who was prominent in the history of later times).

On March 31, 1876, Peter O'Neill Crowley who fought bravely was mortally wounded while crossing a strong stream located behind the monument..

click here for additional information
 


Teeling Monument, Carricknagat, Co Sligo

On 5 September 1798, the Franco-Irish troops pushed north through Co. Sligo but were halted by a cannon which the British forces had installed above Union Rock near Collooney.

A young Irish aide to General Humbert, Lieutenant Bartholomew Teeling, distinguished himself during the encounter. Teeling cleared the way for the advancing Irish-French army by single handedly disabling a British gunnery post located high on Union Rock when he broke from the French ranks and galloped towards the gunner's position. Teeling was armed with a pistol and he shot the cannon's marksman and captured the cannon. After the loss of the cannon position the French and Irish advanced and the British retreated towards their barracks at Sligo, leaving 60 dead and 100 prisoners.

 

 

 

 


Ballykissane Monument, Killorglin, Co. Kerry

Commemorates the deaths of Con Keating, Donal Sheahan and Charlie Monaghan at Ballykissane pier on 21

April 1916 as they attempted to assist the importation of arms on board the Aud for the 1916 Rising.

  

Con Keating      Charlie Monaghan      Donal Sheahan

        These were the first Volunteers to die in the Easter Rising

 


Roger Casement Monument , Co. Kerry
At a spot on Banna Strand adjacent to here Roger Casement, Robert Monteith and a third man, came ashore from a German submarine on Good Friday morning 21st. April 1916 in furthering the cause of Irish freedom’

 

 

 

 


Robert Emmet statue

The Robert Emmet statue was sculpted by Jerome Stanley Connor and is located in the small Emmet Park, near Massachusetts Avenue and 24th Street, in Sheridan Circle.  The inscription on the base of the statue says "Robert Emmet, Irish Patriot, 1778-1803".  The Bronze plaque on the pedestal is inscribed with excerpts from the speech Emmet delivered the day before his execution.

The excerpt from his speech reads

The excerpt from his speech reads: "I wished to procure for my country the guarantee which Washington procured for America. I have parted from everything that was dear to me in this life for my country's cause. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then, and not till then let my epitaph be written."

 

 


Commodore John Barry Memorial 

It cannot be done, they said.
To John McInerney (left), and Jack O’Brien (right), “cannot be done” was never the right answer.

With Irish tenacity, the two men set out to secure the Commodore’s place in history once and for all. Along with the Ancient Order of Hibernians, the largest Irish Catholic fraternal organization in the US, and their chapters in Maryland, D.C., and Virginia, McInerney and O’Brien took on this project with a resounding and unflinching determination and resilience. No obstacle was insurmountable, no odds were too long, and no goal unachievable.
Through a network of politicians, retired and active admirals and captains, businessmen, and finally retirees with plenty of time to make calls, McInerney and O’Brien made progress. Despite all of the obstacles in their way, despite all of the roadblocks placed in front of them by those who did not wish to see this project through, they marched on, without being deterred, without being discouraged.
And there was much to be discouraged about.
 

Click here to read the story in its entirety

 


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