Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Court-Martial, I mean not to give you the trouble of bringing judicial proof to convict me legally of having acted in hostility to the government of his Britannic Majesty in Ireland. I admit the fact. From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Great Britain and Ireland as the curse of the Irish nation, and felt convinced that, whilst it lasted, this country could never he free nor happy. My mind has been confirmed in this opinion by the experience of every succeeding year, and the conclusions which I have drawn from every fact before my eyes. In consequence, I was determined to employ all the powers which my individual efforts could move, in order to separate the two countries. That Ireland was not able of herself to throw off the yoke, I knew; I therefore sought for aid wherever it was to be found. In honorable poverty I rejected offers which, to a man in my circumstances, might be considered highly advantageous. I remained faithful to what I thought the cause of my country, and sought in the French Republic an ally to rescue three millions of my countrymen from… continue
Elizabeth `Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. -- continue
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and Statistician
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore. --- continue
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.
Other than her involvement with the Ladies Irish National Land League, little else is known of her life in Ireland with respect to her childhood, education or marriage. One newspaper account reported that she was married to a Waterford 'professional'. Irrespective, her later activism and contacts in America would indicate that she was well educated, independent and financially secure.
Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)
Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism
Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor. Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near Bodenstown in County Kildare . He was also a member of the Church of Ireland. Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married Matilda Witherington who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..--- continue
Dr. Kathleen Florence Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian
Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.
Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency. The Ascendency consisted of a cadre of birthright elitists from whose ranks where the chosen ones who ruled Ireland at the bidding of the British Crown. Their cruel despotic rule was enabled by the might of the British army.
Lydia Barrington Darragh 1729 - 1789)
American patriot, Washington spy
Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729. The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.
The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.
Padraic Henry Pearse (1879 – 1916)
Educator, linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader
Padraic Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née Brady).
His father, James, who was born in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas Street in Dublin.
His mother, Margaret, who was born in Dublin was elected a Sinn Fein member to the 2nd Dail Eireann that convened in August 1921 and functioned until June 1922. After the Dail accepted the controversial Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64 to 57 votes on January 7th 1922, Margaret together with the other opposing Sinn Fein members left the Dail
The Felons of Our Land
Arthur M. Forrester
up once more, we`ll drink a toast to comrades far away,
No nation on earth can boast of braver hearts than they,
And though they sleep in dungeons deep, or flee outlawed and banned
We love them yet, we can`t forget, the Felons of our Land.
In boyhood`s bloom and manhoods pride fordoomed by alien laws,
Some on the scaffold proudly died, for holy Ireland`s cause,
And brothers say, shall we, today, unmoved by cowards stand,
While traitors shame and foes defame, the Felons of our Land.