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Brigadier General Stephen Moylan (1734 - 1811)

Stephen Moylan was born in Cork City, Co. Cork, Ireland in 1734, the first of four children born to John Moylan and his first wife Mary Ann Doran. John Moylan had four other children with his second wife, Alicia Joyce.

The Moylans were prosperous merchants as were the Dorans. Under normal circumstances that would have afforded their children access to the best schools in Ireland except for the fact that the British backed Penal Laws enacted by the parliament of the Protestant Ascendency in Ireland barred Catholics from participation in all aspects of civil life including education.

The stated intent of these laws, which were primarily directed at the native Catholic population was to, 1) deprive the native Catholics of all civil life, 2) reduce them to a condition of ignorance and, 3) to dissociate them from the soil.  These repressive and draconian laws, originally directed at the catholic population, were amended over time to curb the growing influence of the Presbyterians whose loyalty to the realm was suspect.  --- continue

Mary Jane O'Donovan Rossa (1845 - 1916)

Mary Jane O'Rossa was born, Mary Jane Irwin, in Clonakilty Co. Cork on January 27, 1845  the first of ten children to Maxwell Irwin and Margaret Irwin (nee. Keohane).

Mary Jane grew up during one of the most turbulent times in Irish history. The events that played out during that time including the 'Great Hunger', the Young Ireland Rising of '48, the naissance of the Fenian movement and the subsequent Fenian trials  would, in later years,  have a major influence on her worldly views, life's work and choices.

The year of Mary's birth heralded the onset of the potato blight; a calamity in the making for Ireland and for so many of its people.  In September of that year the first reports of potato blight appeared in newspapers and by October, when the potato crop was being harvested, the full extent of the spoil was evident.  That first year over a third of the crop was lost to the blight; a tragedy in the making for over a third of the population that depended on the potato as their only means of sustenance.


Erin, I'd blush to be born of Thee.

Mary Jane O'Donovan Rossa


Fairest thou art, O dear land by the wave,
Fairest and fruitful, but still, still a slave;
Outcasts thy children, a by-word thy name,
The manhood of nations may laugh at thy shame.

Only I know in thy soul burns strong

The will and the hope for the downfall of wrong;

Only I know thou hast vowed to be free,

Erin, I'd blush to be born of thee !




They think that they have pacified Ireland. They think that they have purchased half of us and intimidated the other half. They think that they have foreseen everything, think that they have provided against everything; but the fools, the fools, the fools! - they have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.

Padraic Pearse oration given at 

Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa's funeral on Aug. 1, 1915

History of  the 1848 Rising In Ireland

Preface to Michael Doheny --The Felon's Track

The Irish Confederation still awaits its historian. Three of its leaders have left narratives of its brief and momentous career, but, of the three, Doheny alone participated in the Insurrection that dug the political grave of Young Ireland. In “The Felon’s Track,” written hot on his escape from the stricken land, he tells the story vividly and passionately. It has morals deducible for all manner of Irishmen, and one for those English statesmen who comfort themselves with the illusion that Irish Nationalism, like Jacobitism, is a platonic sentiment. The man who, roused from his bed at midnight by tapping fingers on his window and a voice whispering that insurrection was afoot, rose and rode away in the darkness to join himself to its desperate fortunes was no young man ardent for adventure. Michael Doheny, when he left his home and his career to engage in the fatal enterprise, was a sober middle-aged barrister, a man of weight and fortune into which he had built himself by the hard toil of twenty years. His social anchorages were deep-cast—and no mere sentiment provokes such a man to throw aside the hard-won harvest of his life and risk the rebel’s or the felon’s fate. --- continue

 The Pikeman Statue

The Pikeman Statue  is located  in the Bullring, Wexford Town. Co. Wexford

 It commemorates Wexford's failed Rising of 1798 and the declaration of Ireland's first Republic.

 The Statue was sculpted in bronze by Oliver Sheppard.

It's unveiling in 1905 was attended by 30,000.

The Rising of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rising  (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach  Aontaithe), was against British rule in Ireland. The rising  lasting from May to September 1798.

The United Irishmen, a republican revolutionary group influenced by the ideals of the American and French revolutions, were the main organizing force behind the Rising.

Longstanding resentment over the oppression of Catholic Ireland by the British government, which had occupied Ireland since the twelfth century. Political control took the form of religious and cultural oppression, as the dominantly Catholic population of Ireland became subject to increasingly strict anti-Catholic laws enacted by the Protestant government in England.

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