Maud Gonne (1866-
Irish Revolutionary, Patriot, Suffragette & founder of Inghinidhe
Gonne, the eldest of two daughters, was
born on December 20, 1866 to Thomas Gonne and Edith
Frith Gonne, nee Cook, in the village of Tongham
in Surrey in England. At the time of her birth
her father, Thomas, was an British Army officer
stationed at the Aldershot military garrison,
located close to the village of Tongham. Her
mother, Edith, was a member of a wealthy
textile manufacturing family with a transgenerational
history of government and military service.
In 1867, when Maud father's regiment was
transferred to the Curragh army base in Co. Kildare, to
help quell ongoing Fenian activity and prevent another
Rising, the family followed, taking up residence in
Donnybrook, a suburb of Dublin city.
John Daly (1845 – 1916)
Irish Patriot, Fenian, 1867 Rising Veteran, Political Prisoner and Mayor of Limerick.
John Daly, the sixth of seven children, was born to John and Margaret Daly, née Hayes in Limerick City, on October 18, 1845. His entry into the world coincided with the onset of the Great Hunger, a cataclysmic event in Irish history that spawned evictions, death and inhumanity, in a land of plenty. It also resulted in the banishment of over one million refugees to England, Scotland, Wales, North America, and Australia. For many, the ships that carried them to North America and Australia, became their coffins, and the seas they crossed became their graves. ---
`Lily’ Kempson (1897 - 1996)
Patriot, Labor Activist, Citizen Army Volunteer, Veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Elizabeth Ann `Lily’ Kempson was born in Co. Wicklow, Ireland on Jan. 17, 1897. She was the fifth of nine children born to James Kempson and Esther Kempson (Moore). Her mother, Esther, who was born in Co. Wicklow, died in 1919 during the flu epidemic. Her father, James, who was born in Co. Carlow, died in 1940.
The family moved from Carlow to Dublin when Lily was still a young child. They lived in abject poverty in a rundown 2-room tenement flat in Piles Buildings off Golden Lane with their maternal grandmother. Golden Lane is located on the south side of the river Liffey close to the City Center. At that time, housing conditions in Dublin for the working class were the worst of any city in the United Kingdom. --
Michael Scanlon (1833 – 1917)
Irish Nationalist, Fenian, Editor, Writer, Poet and
Michael Scanlan, the fifth of nine children, was born to Mortimer Scanlon and Kate Scanlon (nee Roche) on November 10, 1833 in the village of Castlemahon in Co. Limerick. His father, Mortimer was a well-off shopkeeper and farmer, who fell on hard times with the onset of the Great Hunger in the mid 1840’s.
Scanlan received his primary education at the local national school in Castlemahon. He was an excellent student who benefited greatly from the encouragement and teaching skills of one of Munster’s renowned teachers, Daniel O’Callaghan. Apart from his formal education that ended at the age of fourteen, his inherent intellectual curiosity led him to study and acquire a basic understanding of some of the factors that controlled his life including religion, politics, history and folklore. ---
Marguerite Moore (1849 - D?)
Irish patriot, writer, orator, social activists and suffragette
Marguerite Moore was born in Waterford, Ireland on July 7, 1849 in the waning years of the Great Hunger. Although the Great Hunger was a calamitous event in the annals of Irish history, not every family suffered starvation, eviction, disease or one of the many man-made maladies that laid waste to the native Irish populace. By divine providence or station in life she was not one of the 2 million victims who died, managed to immigrate or, enroute, succumbed to a watery grave.
Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763 - 1798)
Barrister, co-founder of the Society of United Irishmen, Leader of the 1798 Rising and Father of Irish Republicanism
Theobald Wolfe Tone, the eldest of five children was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1763 to
Peter Tone and Margaret Lampor. Tone's father was a prosperous coach-maker and the owner of a farm near
. He was also
a member of the Church of Ireland. Growing up as a child of the gentry, Tone lived a privileged lifestyle, insulated from the general populace, unaware of their plight. Possessed with a keen intellect he won a scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin. During his student years, he met and married
who bore him four children three of whom died prematurely.. After completing his studies, he was admitted to the Irish Bar..---
Dr. Kathleen Lynn (1874-1955)
Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social
Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to
Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in
Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.
Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.
Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency.
Lydia B. Darragh 1729 - 1789)
American patriot, Washington spy
Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729. The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.
The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.
Why should I blame her that she filled my days
With misery, or that she would of late
Have taught to ignorant men most violent ways,
Or hurled the little streets upon the great.
Had they but courage equal to desire?
What could have made her peaceful with a mind
That nobleness made simple as a fire,
With beauty like a tightened bow, a kind
That is not natural in an age like this,
Being high and solitary and most stern?
Why, what could she have done, being what she is?
Was there another Troy for her to burn
When You Are Old
When you are old and grey and
full of sleep,
And nodding by the fire, take
down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of
the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of
their shadows deep;
How many loved your moments of
And loved your beauty with
love false or true,
But one man loved the pilgrim
soul in you,
And loved the sorrows of your
And bending down beside the
Murmur, a little sadly, how
And paced upon the mountains
And hid his face amid a crowd
The Relationship Between Maud Gonne and
William Butler Yeats
The great love of the life of the Irish poet William
Butler Yeats was the Irish actress and revolutionary
Maud Gonne, equally famous for her intense
nationalist politics and her beauty. Maud was a
strong influence on Yeats’ poetry. He proposed to
her on many occasions but was always met with
rejection - she maintained, perhaps as an excuse,
that his unrequited love contributed to the
effectiveness of his writing. The sentiments
expressed in the poem
When You Are Old suggest that it was written
with her in mind. In 1903 Maud married another man.
Yeats eventually married another woman, in 1917. The
marriage lasted until his death in 1939