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Last Updated
 05/15/2017 


Dr. Kathleen Florence Lynn (1874-1955)

Patriot, Medical Doctor, Political & Social Activist, Humanitarian

Kathleen Lynn, the second of four children, was born to Catherine Lynn (nee Wynne) on January, 28, 1874 in Mullaghfarry, Co. Mayo.

Lynn’s mother, Catherine Wynne, was a descendent of the Earl of Hazelwood whose estate, located within a few miles of Sligo town, dated back to the Cromwellian plantation in the 17th century.

Lynn’s father, Robert Lynn, was the Church of Ireland Rector in Killala. By virtue of his Ecclesiastical standing within the Church he was, by royal prerogative, a member of the Protestant Ascendency. The Ascendency consisted of a cadre of birthright elitists from whose ranks where the chosen ones who ruled Ireland at the bidding of the British Crown. Their cruel despotic rule was enabled by the might of the British army.

In fairness to Robert Lynn it’s worth noting that he held no government post that wielded sway over the lives of the native Irish, whose lot was no better than that of indentured servants. It would also be unfair to suggest that all members of the Ascendency were uncaring louts who delighted in the misery of the oppressed indigenous populace.  There are many documented cases of landlords caring for tenant farmers during bad times.

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Lydia Barrington Darragh 1729 - 1789)

American patriot, Washington spy

Lydia Barrington Darragh, the youngest child of six children, was born to John Barrington, a weaver by trade, and Mary Aldridge Barrington in Dublin, Ireland in 1729.  The Barrington’s were members of the Religious Society of Friends, nicknamed Quakers, whose English ancestors resettled in Ireland in the 16th century.

The Religious Society of Friends was founded by George Fox in England in 1652(1). Simply stated Quakerism embraced pacifism as a core principle, rejected the trimmings of organized religion, promoted social reform, and emphasized caring for the less fortunate within and without their own communities as a unselfish expression of their faith.

The first recorded Quaker meeting held in Ireland was in 1654 at the home of William Edmundson in Lurgan, Co. Armagh.  Edmundson, the acknowledge founder of Quakerism in Ireland was born in England. He resettled in Ireland after the Cromwellian defeat of the Irish Confederate Armies in 1653. --- continue


Padraic Henry Pearse (1879 – 1916)

Educator, linguist, lawyer, poet, playwright, author, military leader

Padraic Henry Pearse, the second of four children, was born on November 10, 1879 to James Pearse and Margaret Pearse (née Brady).

His father, James, who was born in England, was a mason and monumental sculptor who sculpted the pediment adorning the Bank of Ireland (formerly the Parliament House) in College Green and the 12 statues in the niches of the tower of John's Lane Church located on Thomas Street in Dublin.

His mother, Margaret, who was born in Dublin was elected a Sinn Fein member to the 2nd Dail Eireann that convened in August 1921 and functioned until June 1922. After the Dail accepted the controversial Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64 to 57 votes on January 7th 1922, Margaret together with the other opposing Sinn Fein members left the Dail (1).

During his childhood Pearse was greatly influenced by his father’s embrace of libertarian ideals that embodied political and personal freedom, civil liberties and social justice. The embrace of these ideals by Pearse gave substance to his evolving censorious attitude towards cultural imperialism and colonial rule, particularly as applied to Ireland and its people. In addition to his father’s influence, which was significant, he grew up in midst of the Irish Literary Revival, a movement associated with the revival of interest in Ireland's Gaelic heritage and the consequential growth of Irish nationalism.

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Mary Maguire Colum (1887-1957)

Irish Nationalist, Literary Critic, Writer

 Mary Maquire Colum was born Mary Maguire on June 14, 1884 in Collooney(1) Co. Sligo to Charles Maquire and Catherine Gunning.  Mary’s father, Charles, was a constable of the Royal Irish Constabulary and, later on in his carrier, a District Inspector.  Her mother, who died in 1895, was a descendent of the mid-18th century Irish family that produced the alluring and vivacious rag-to-riches Gunning sisters who charmed, wowed and married British aristocrats.

After her mother’s death Mary went to live with her maternal grandmother, Catherine Gunning, in Ballissodare in Co. Sligo.  At the age of thirteen she enrolled in the Convent of St. Louis boarding school in Monaghan. After completing her secondary education there she entered University College Dublin (UCD) where she studied literature.

Mary arrived in Dublin at the height of the Irish Literary Revival that took hold and flourished during the latter half of the 19th century through the first quarter of the 20th century. The movement spearheaded the revival of Ireland's Gaelic heritage and the growth of Irish nationalism. Its participants included such notables as James Clarence Mangan, William Butler Yeats, Douglas Hyde, Maud Gonne, Ella Young, George Russell, Thomas McDonagh, Alice Milligan, Padraic Pearse, James Connolly and many other talented writers, artists and warriors, whose hands and minds shaped and changed the course of Irish history.---  continue


James Orr  (1770 - 1816)

Poet, United Irishman, 1798 Rising participant

James Orr, an only child, was born to James Orr and his wife in the village of Ballycarry between Larne and Carrickfergus in Co. Antrim in 1770.  James’s father was a weaver by trade who also cultivated a small tract of land on the outskirts of the village to supplement the family’s larder.

The village of Ballycarry was established by a Scottish personage, William Edmonstone of Duntreagh, during the Plantation of Ulster in the early decades of the 17th century.  The Orr’s were one of the settler families brought to Ballycarry by Edmonstone to maintain and defend his considerable estate of 3,000 acres of arable land confiscated from native landowners.  The settlers included clerics, farmers, craftsmen and overseers possessing the necessary skills to establish, maintain and secure a plantation settlement on confiscated land. 

Many of those settlers, including the Orr family were members of the Auld Licht (Old Light) faction of the Presbyterian Kirk (Church) who subscribed to a very conservative interpretation of Presbyterianism. As a consequence, James was not allowed to attend the local Presbyterian school because his parents believed that the teacher, who was a New Licht (New Light) Presbyterian, would expose James to a more liberal interpretation of Presbyterianism: an anathema to members of the conservative faction. -- continue


                                      

They think that they have pacified Ireland. They think that they have purchased half of us and intimidated the other half. They think that they have foreseen everything, think that they have provided against everything; but the fools, the fools, the fools! - they have left us our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace.

Padraic Pearse oration given at 

Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa's funeral on Aug. 1, 1915


The Irish Diaspora in America and the Easter Rising

“wherever green is worn”

The Easter Rising of 1916 did not did not take place in a vacuum. The Irish Diaspora in America, and elsewhere throughout the world, took part at some level in its planning, financing or implementation.

The Kimmage garrison, comprised of approximately 90 Irish emigres from England and Scotland, took a direct role in the Rising.  Argentina-born Eamonn Bulfin raised the flag of the Irish Republic on the Prince Street corner of the GPO and the other flag, the tricolor, was raised by one of the Liverpool Volunteers from the Kimmage Garrison. Not to be forgotten were the two seamen, a Swede and a Finn, who showed up outside the GPO at the onset of the Rising on Monday asking for permission to join the fight.

Apart from those brave Volunteers who bore arms and shed blood for the Irish Republic, many more individuals, in faraway places, and especially here in America, dug deep into their pockets and purses for the same cause; an Irish Republic. 

By 1916, per the United States census data, 20 million people living in the United States claimed Irish heritage.  Of these 20 million, approximately 2 million had migrated here in the proceeding (70) years owing to the devastation caused by the Great Hunger of 1845 thru 1851, the land wars of 1879 thru 1882 and the subsequent evictions and dispossession of tenant farmers and tenement dwellers by the British enabled ruling elite.  Many of these exiles and their children harbored a historic enmity of the British usurper, whom they considered to be the root cause of their misfortune and exile.

These exiles and their children, who settled in every corner of the United States, supported their cousins left behind in Ireland through every catastrophe and crisis they endured at the hands of the British tormentors.

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Peter O’Neill Crowley Monument, Knockanevin, Co. Cork

Peter O'Neill Crowley, a prominent Fenian, was born 23rd May 1832, at Ballymacoda, County of Cork.,

He joined the Fenian movement and took part in the Fenian Rising of 1867. He was amongst a small group of Fenians, under the command of Captain McClure who successfully raided the Knockadoon coastguard station getting away with rifles and ammunition..

It soon became  evident to them that the Rising was collapsing because of poor planning and the usual informers. With police and troops on their trail, Crowley, McClure, Edward Kelly and three other comrades headed for Limerick to link up with other Fenian units.
While resting in the Kilclooney Wood they were surrounded and attacked by the pursuing enemy  under the command of Henry Edward Redmond  (Uncle to John Redmond, who was prominent in the history of later times).

On March 31, 1876, Peter O'Neill Crowley who fought bravely was mortally wounded while crossing a strong stream located behind the monument..---  for additional info. continue to monuments
 


Teeling Monument, Carricknagat, Co Sligo

On 5 September 1798, the Franco-Irish troops pushed north through Co. Sligo but were halted by a cannon which the British forces had installed above Union Rock near Collooney.

A young Irish aide to General Humbert, Lieutenant Bartholomew Teeling, distinguished himself during the encounter. Teeling cleared the way for the advancing Irish-French army by single handedly disabling a British gunnery post located high on Union Rock when he broke from the French ranks and galloped towards the gunner's position. Teeling was armed with a pistol and he shot the cannon's marksman and captured the cannon. After the loss of the cannon position the French and Irish advanced and the British retreated towards their barracks at Sligo, leaving 60 dead and 100 prisoners.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ballykissane Monument, Killorglin, Co. Kerry

Commemorates the deaths of Con Keating, Donal Sheahan and Charlie Monaghan at Ballykissane pier on 21

April 1916 as they attempted to assist the importation of arms on board the Aud for the 1916 Rising.

  

Con Keating      Charlie Monaghan      Donal Sheahan

   These were the first Volunteers to die in the Easter Rising

 


Roger Casement Monument , Co. Kerry
At a spot on Banna Strand adjacent to here Roger Casement, Robert Monteith and a third man, came ashore from a German submarine on Good Friday morning 21st. April 1916 in furthering the cause of Irish freedom’

 

 

 

 

 


Robert Emmet statue

The Robert Emmet statue was sculpted by Jerome Stanley Connor and is located in the small Emmet Park, near Massachusetts Avenue and 24th Street, in Sheridan Circle.  The inscription on the base of the statue says "Robert Emmet, Irish Patriot, 1778-1803".  The Bronze plaque on the pedestal is inscribed with excerpts from the speech Emmet delivered the day before his execution.

The excerpt from his speech reads

The excerpt from his speech reads: "I wished to procure for my country the guarantee which Washington procured for America. I have parted from everything that was dear to me in this life for my country's cause. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth, then, and not till then let my epitaph be written."

 

 

 

 


Commodore John Barry Memorial 

It cannot be done, they said.
To John McInerney (left), and Jack O’Brien (right), “cannot be done” was never the right answer.

With Irish tenacity, the two men set out to secure the Commodore’s place in history once and for all. Along with the Ancient Order of Hibernians, the largest Irish Catholic fraternal organization in the US, and their chapters in Maryland, D.C., and Virginia, McInerney and O’Brien took on this project with a resounding and unflinching determination and resilience. No obstacle was insurmountable, no odds were too long, and no goal unachievable.
Through a network of politicians, retired and active admirals and captains, businessmen, and finally retirees with plenty of time to make calls, McInerney and O’Brien made progress. Despite all of the obstacles in their way, despite all of the roadblocks placed in front of them by those who did not wish to see this project through, they marched on, without being deterred, without being discouraged.
And there was much to be discouraged about.
 

Click here to read the story in its entirety

 


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email --- feniangraves@optonline.net